Firstly, there is Einstein's equation E = mo
c². [mo is resting mass at particles and
momentum masse mw at waves; c is the vacuum
velocity of light]
Then there is Planck's equation E = h f. [h is
Planck's constant and f is the frequency of an
oscillation or of a wave]
This means, that the matter has both manifestations: 1st
mass and 2nd energy. Old concepts
of matter as material are historic. Philosophically,
matter is the complete thing which is filling the
universe, so it is energy and mass together. You could
say: gravitation's cosmos and radiation's cosmos are
forming a unit.
Interpreting Planck's equation you can see that the
energy comes from an oscillation with the frequency f.
Then I set both equations equally to the energy and I
get the equation: mo = h f /c² for the mass.
Here you can see that also the mass comes from a
process of the oscillation. If you calculate the mass of
a proton of 1.6726 x 10-27 kg into an
oscillation by using this equation, you get 2.2 x1023
Hz. What a vibration should this be? Some scientists
mean this magnitude simply using Heisenberg's
uncertainty. They interpret: this particle was probable
during the time of 4.4 x10-24 s. I was
thinking another way when I asked for the amplitude of a
possible spherical vibration of the particle. Therefore
I presupposed the hypothesis, the particle makes a Tesla
wave by its spherical wave oscillation, which is all
over spherically exchanged and which causes the real
manifestation of the mass attraction - the gravitation.
The amplitude of the proton I calculated to Ro
= 2.1 x10-16 m. Then I asked myself what ever
would be inside of that proton?
I had a fantastic idea. My hypothesis was: The total
matter consists of a system of black holes (BH)
and so of microcosms which puzzle out the macrocosm - a hierarchy.
Therefore I looked at Einstein's simple solution for
the horizon ro of a black hole: ro
= 2 G Mo / c². [there G is the gravitation
constant and Mo is the internal mass]
Why is there the number of 2? Let's make it simply! I
had clues from the general relativity theory:
Ro = ro / 2 = G Mo /
This would mean that at the inside of a BH, the
internal mass would just reach to half the total
horizon. There, this mass Mo would vibrate
like a bubble and cause the external mass mo.
Supporting this hypothesis I just could assume that
the exchange waves of the internal gravitation would be
also locked in its BH, just as the exchange waves of the
electromagnetism - for example of the light.
I represented the mass mo as amplitude Ro
and set it equal to Ro from equation of BH.
In the result of the calculation of all the constants I
got a new constant k and the following relations:
Mo = k / mo with k = 4.7 x 10-16
The internal mass Mo of one single proton
would be equal to 280 billion kg!!
Is this unreal or slippery?!
Isn't it a mass defect?
When both nucleons are binding themselves in an atom
nucleus, then the mass defect is appearing. E. g.
one proton and one neutron make a deuteron. The sum of
the masses of both particles decreases then to about
1/1000. This effect can be explained now by my
If two spherical oscillators (the nucleons) come
together and partially overlap their space areas, then
each one part of them comes to the other nucleon's
internal mass. Result: the internal mass increased to
0.1%. The necessity of my theory is: the external mass
has to decrease to 0.1%! What is not plausible here?
If the complete unification of both nucleons was
possible, die external mass would decrease to 50%
because internally the double mass is given now.
When they will make a synthetic micro-black hole from
about 50 unified nucleons, the mass of this body will
decrease to 50% of a neutron's mass!
It isn't plausible to me any more that famous
scientists cannot think in cohesions and in reciprocal
If you set this mass M and the external mass m into
one equation of gravitation force using the distances of
the amplitudes, then you get such a force which is about
1039-times larger than the gravitation force
between both nucleons. Just this is the magnitude of
nuclear force or of strong force between nucleons. Then
it's not unreal?
How does the internal cosm-mass vibrate then (yellow
area at the picture below here)? Does it simply fall
together? Is it simply just a bubble? No, it doesn't.
Really, the elongation is just apparently an
oscillation. In reality there the complete mass-body
isn't vibrating! The vibration of the mass-sphere
(yellow) just seems to be in such a way because the mass
parts are built up and rebuilt down repeating this
Only light waves and gravitation waves draw their
circles (4) from the center (2) to the amplitude (line 3
makes upper rest dots) and back - only the wave ways
draw an oscillation procedure:
The circles even have an order! Also very light
particles could fly along the light line, for example
the neutrinos. Heavy particles do not come near enough
to the light velocity. Therefore I looked for a solution
of very light particles. This solution I found as I saw
the reversed relations of internal and external mass,
like above in the equation with k. Following, the sun of
the mass Mo=2 x 1030 kg could
disappear in such a BH, which then would weigh just
about mo=2 x 10-46 kg, lighter
than a neutrino. BHs, made from galaxies, would be yet
much lighter. Then all the BHs would fly through the
universe just on both violet bows and there would not be
any real evolution of the things in universe. Another
solution was helping me: If a BH was formed from the
outside (collapse), then it is not really locked, but it
is just divergently locked or closed. If such an
divergently locked cosmos expands again after
contraction, so it must burst apart (by anticollapse)
again. This manner of unstable particles, therefore unstable
BH, I called then protocosms. They are made
from radiation and mass. They burst apart and give free
their radiation and their inside mass (quasars!). So
beneath the radiations the protocosms fly on bows
through the universe. Shortly living protocosms decay
just after the center passage of the universe. They are
small and heavy and of multiple number (innumerable
number). Inside they are relatively light. The
innumerable number of this type of protocosms makes an
almost homogeneous mash of matter (energy and mass)
during its decay in the proximity of the universe
center. Present scientists think this phenomenon would
be the "Big Bang", and this would be the only
effect. But protocosms which are living longer and which
are lighter can fly away from this "big bang".
Depending on the longevity they decay on elongation
bows, which are successively higher, until the last of
them, the lightest and internally heaviest protocosms
reach the amplitude of their BH including all of them.
See - our universe is a black hole, and it is
oscillating! In its center there is something like a
kind of "big bang" (more a small bang), but
above this, there is piled up the real rest of the
No matter what stable cosm, the universe, the proton,
the electron, the neutrino, they all together work
following the same principles. Additionally, there are
the protocosms as unstable compounds of unstable
particles and the normal unstable particles. Each
galaxy, each star, but also the universe include a core
at its center, which consists of one or more protocosms.
Protocosms can burst apart.
Unstable particles do not burst apart during their
decay. The logic is: they are destabilized stable BHs.
If they are eating energy, then they send out energy in
parity - these are particle pairs, with them they are
coupling temporarily. In the end, the stable particle is
coming back again. Stable particles do not eat mass of
different particles, but they interact with the energy
of these partners in parity. During weak interaction
there can be a change of the particles. This fact has
given a totally different opinion about particles to me
- a complex imagination of spherically oscillating
and non-stationary black-white holes. The string
theory limps behind me for decades.
In the end I have discovered these solutions from
general relativity theory and found there the
oscillators, which nobody but me has seen there before.
Therefore my solution is the Arcus-solution of the
relativity theory and at the same time the oscillator
solution of this theory (Arcus 1988). World formulae
were the results of the general relativity theory,
because they express the unit of matter and quantum
theory, but now in a different manner than all the
If particles are the causes of waves for exchanging
gravitation and exchanging electrostatic force - then
waves made by relative movements of particles cannot be
the same as particles! Particles are not equal to waves,
but they are the OSCILLATORS - they are the PRODUCERS of
the primary Tesla waves. While their relative movement
of these oscillators, they cause those secondary wave
types (secondary e.m. and g.m. waves as secondary
transversal and as secondary longitudinal waves).
Consequently, my theory leads to a simple
interpretation of the wave's system:
Corresponding to Einstein's opinion, the singularities
of gravitational field now really are
inside of the stable elementary particles, protons and
electrons. Let's use the example of the electron. It has
a mass of about 9 x 10-31 kg. The electron's
mass ¾ the force of its
attraction ¾ comes from the
pulsation of the spherical surface of the electron.
During this event, the electron contracts to an
extremely small minimum and expands to its maximum of
about 3.9 x 10-13 m while the time period of
just about 10-20 seconds. This way, the
pulsating surface radiates momenta into every direction.
These are the primary waves which make the gravitation.
Each particle exchanges momenta with other particles -
wave momenta. The exchange leads to the attraction
between all the particles of our ordinary matter. The
complete thing appears like a monopolar field, but it is
a primary dipole field absolutely coupled with
all the other. Each mass is a monopole model.
Each electric charge is a monopole model, too,
and analogously to the gravitation explicable as a
longitudinal spherical wave, starting from elementary
charge. The electric charge receives such wave quanta
from the other charges.
Imagine, the electron was single in space. Then there
is firstly no reason that exchange wave quanta wouldn't
must run straight ahead. Instead of the concept of
exchange quanta we can simplify it to field lines. The
field lines run from the electron into all directions as
if they were prickles. Because of the pulsations, the
field lines become new after sending of every new
exchange quantum. They consist of bullets which are
called quanta. I called them primary wave quanta.
When we move the electron, then the field lines will
be curved. The cause is: the quanta are shot into a new
direction. The curved field line forms a middle dot
anywhere in space, where is the radius of the particle
orbit. The force vector shows to the center of the
circle. There the secondary singularity of the new
curved field is born. The result is nothing more than
the center of the magnetic field which now is a bipolar
field or a dipole.
Each change of the position of the primary exchange
field of primary dipoles - if gravitational, if electric
or both - makes a secondary wave in space where
now a bipolar magnetic field is running. This wave
consists of components of the monopolar field (of
gravitational or electric field) and of the rotating
field (of the magnetic field, if gravitationally or
electrically caused). Therefore it is right:
electromagnetic waves are secondary waves which are made
of moving electric charges. In my theory such secondary
waves made by moving masses, didn't get the simple name
gravitation waves but gravitomagnetic waves.
When finally magnetic fields rotate or convert, then
secondary vibrations come into space which have a
determined frequency. These vibrations are continuing
themselves as secondary wave quanta.
From these reasons, wave quanta cannot be equal to
those elementary particles which are causing them at
all. Particles are the oscillators or vibration
generators, in rest when they make the gravitation and
the electric charge, in movement to each other when they
make the gravitomagnetic and electromagnetic wave
The radius of a
particle's orbit shows to the particle starting from the
center of the train. The wave amplitude of that magnetic
field shows into the center of the orbit starting at the
particle's position. Both vectors are contrary to each
other. There where the magnetic quantum is, there isn't
the particle! There is the center of the particle's
orbit. There where the particle is there isn't the
magnetic quantum, because there is the particle's
Erwin Schroedinger and his interprets have set
equal the position of the magnet quantum to the
particle's position statistically following the
interpretation of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation -
that was the mistake. Since then, physicists think,
particles would be statistically solved into a feature
of dust of their own waves - a dual nature. But dual
nature doesn't really exist!
These are my sites
of my theory about World Fomula named
Ideal-Oscillator-Theory, just as a variant of the
Unified Field Theory
of my social critics at Germany and the European Union