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ARCUS:  The World Formula and its Solutions

Consequently constructed using the results of Albert Einstein and Max Planck leading to the Unified Field Theory

 
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Simple Explanation of my World Solution

Addition: The Core of my Theory: The Protocosm Solution

 

Firstly, there is Einstein's equation E = mo c². [mo is resting mass at particles and momentum masse mw at waves; c is the vacuum velocity of light]

Then there is Planck's equation E = h f. [h is Planck's constant and f is the frequency of an oscillation or of a wave]

This means, that the matter has both manifestations: 1st mass and 2nd energy. Old concepts of matter as material are historic. Philosophically, matter is the complete thing which is filling the universe, so it is energy and mass together. You could say: gravitation's cosmos and radiation's cosmos are forming a unit.

Interpreting Planck's equation you can see that the energy comes from an oscillation with the frequency f.

Then I set both equations equally to the energy and I get the equation: mo = h f /c² for the mass.

Here you can see that also the mass comes from a process of the oscillation. If you calculate the mass of a proton of 1.6726 x 10-27 kg into an oscillation by using this equation, you get 2.2 x1023 Hz. What a vibration should this be? Some scientists mean this magnitude simply using Heisenberg's uncertainty. They interpret: this particle was probable during the time of 4.4 x10-24 s. I was thinking another way when I asked for the amplitude of a possible spherical vibration of the particle. Therefore I presupposed the hypothesis, the particle makes a Tesla wave by its spherical wave oscillation, which is all over spherically exchanged and which causes the real manifestation of the mass attraction - the gravitation.

The amplitude of the proton I calculated to Ro = 2.1 x10-16 m. Then I asked myself what ever would be inside of that proton?

I had a fantastic idea. My hypothesis was: The total matter consists of a system of black holes (BH) and so of microcosms which puzzle out the macrocosm - a hierarchy.

Therefore I looked at Einstein's simple solution for the horizon ro of a black hole: ro = 2 G Mo / c². [there G is the gravitation constant and Mo is the internal mass]

Why is there the number of 2? Let's make it simply! I had clues from the general relativity theory:

Ro = ro / 2 = G Mo / c².

This would mean that at the inside of a BH, the internal mass would just reach to half the total horizon. There, this mass Mo would vibrate like a bubble and cause the external mass mo.

Supporting this hypothesis I just could assume that the exchange waves of the internal gravitation would be also locked in its BH, just as the exchange waves of the electromagnetism - for example of the light.

I represented the mass mo as amplitude Ro and set it equal to Ro from equation of BH. In the result of the calculation of all the constants I got a new constant k and the following relations:

Mo = k / mo with k = 4.7 x 10-16 kg².

The internal mass Mo of one single proton would be equal to 280 billion kg!!

Is this unreal or slippery?!

Isn't it a mass defect?

When both nucleons are binding themselves in an atom nucleus, then the mass defect is appearing. E. g. one proton and one neutron make a deuteron. The sum of the masses of both particles decreases then to about 1/1000. This effect can be explained now by my "non-plausible" theory:

If two spherical oscillators (the nucleons) come together and partially overlap their space areas, then each one part of them comes to the other nucleon's internal mass. Result: the internal mass increased to 0.1%. The necessity of my theory is: the external mass has to decrease to 0.1%! What is not plausible here?

If the complete unification of both nucleons was possible, die external mass would decrease to 50% because internally the double mass is given now.

When they will make a synthetic micro-black hole from about 50 unified nucleons, the mass of this body will decrease to 50% of a neutron's mass!

It isn't plausible to me any more that famous scientists cannot think in cohesions and in reciprocal cohesions!

If you set this mass M and the external mass m into one equation of gravitation force using the distances of the amplitudes, then you get such a force which is about 1039-times larger than the gravitation force between both nucleons. Just this is the magnitude of nuclear force or of strong force between nucleons. Then it's not unreal?

How does the internal cosm-mass vibrate then (yellow area at the picture below here)? Does it simply fall together? Is it simply just a bubble? No, it doesn't. Really, the elongation is just apparently an oscillation. In reality there the complete mass-body isn't vibrating! The vibration of the mass-sphere (yellow) just seems to be in such a way because the mass parts are built up and rebuilt down repeating this process.

Only light waves and gravitation waves draw their circles (4) from the center (2) to the amplitude (line 3 makes upper rest dots) and back - only the wave ways draw an oscillation procedure:

The circles even have an order! Also very light particles could fly along the light line, for example the neutrinos. Heavy particles do not come near enough to the light velocity. Therefore I looked for a solution of very light particles. This solution I found as I saw the reversed relations of internal and external mass, like above in the equation with k. Following, the sun of the mass Mo=2 x 1030 kg could disappear in such a BH, which then would weigh just about mo=2 x 10-46 kg, lighter than a neutrino. BHs, made from galaxies, would be yet much lighter. Then all the BHs would fly through the universe just on both violet bows and there would not be any real evolution of the things in universe. Another solution was helping me: If a BH was formed from the outside (collapse), then it is not really locked, but it is just divergently locked or closed. If such an divergently locked cosmos expands again after contraction, so it must burst apart (by anticollapse) again. This manner of unstable particles, therefore unstable BH, I called then protocosms. They are made from radiation and mass. They burst apart and give free their radiation and their inside mass (quasars!). So beneath the radiations the protocosms fly on bows through the universe. Shortly living protocosms decay just after the center passage of the universe. They are small and heavy and of multiple number (innumerable number). Inside they are relatively light. The innumerable number of this type of protocosms makes an almost homogeneous mash of matter (energy and mass) during its decay in the proximity of the universe center. Present scientists think this phenomenon would be the "Big Bang", and this would be the only effect. But protocosms which are living longer and which are lighter can fly away from this "big bang". Depending on the longevity they decay on elongation bows, which are successively higher, until the last of them, the lightest and internally heaviest protocosms reach the amplitude of their BH including all of them. See - our universe is a black hole, and it is oscillating! In its center there is something like a kind of "big bang" (more a small bang), but above this, there is piled up the real rest of the matter!

No matter what stable cosm, the universe, the proton, the electron, the neutrino, they all together work following the same principles. Additionally, there are the protocosms as unstable compounds of unstable particles and the normal unstable particles. Each galaxy, each star, but also the universe include a core at its center, which consists of one or more protocosms.

Protocosms can burst apart.

Unstable particles do not burst apart during their decay. The logic is: they are destabilized stable BHs. If they are eating energy, then they send out energy in parity - these are particle pairs, with them they are coupling temporarily. In the end, the stable particle is coming back again. Stable particles do not eat mass of different particles, but they interact with the energy of these partners in parity. During weak interaction there can be a change of the particles. This fact has given a totally different opinion about particles to me - a complex imagination of spherically oscillating and non-stationary black-white holes. The string theory limps behind me for decades.

In the end I have discovered these solutions from general relativity theory and found there the oscillators, which nobody but me has seen there before. Therefore my solution is the Arcus-solution of the relativity theory and at the same time the oscillator solution of this theory (Arcus 1988). World formulae were the results of the general relativity theory, because they express the unit of matter and quantum theory, but now in a different manner than all the models before.

If particles are the causes of waves for exchanging gravitation and exchanging electrostatic force - then waves made by relative movements of particles cannot be the same as particles! Particles are not equal to waves, but they are the OSCILLATORS - they are the PRODUCERS of the primary Tesla waves. While their relative movement of these oscillators, they cause those secondary wave types (secondary e.m. and g.m. waves as secondary transversal and as secondary longitudinal waves).

Consequently, my theory leads to a simple interpretation of the wave's system:

Corresponding to Einstein's opinion, the singularities of gravitational field now really are inside of the stable elementary particles, protons and electrons. Let's use the example of the electron. It has a mass of about 9 x 10-31 kg. The electron's mass ¾ the force of its attraction ¾ comes from the pulsation of the spherical surface of the electron. During this event, the electron contracts to an extremely small minimum and expands to its maximum of about 3.9 x 10-13 m while the time period of just about 10-20 seconds. This way, the pulsating surface radiates momenta into every direction. These are the primary waves which make the gravitation. Each particle exchanges momenta with other particles - wave momenta. The exchange leads to the attraction between all the particles of our ordinary matter. The complete thing appears like a monopolar field. Each mass is a monopole. Each electric charge is a monopole, too, and analogously to the gravitation explicable as a longitudinal spherical wave, starting from elementary charge. The electric charge receives such wave quanta from the other charges.

Imagine, the electron was single in space. Then there is firstly no reason that exchange wave quanta wouldn't must run straight ahead. Instead of the concept of exchange quanta we can simplify it to field lines. The field lines run from the electron into all directions as if they were prickles. Because of the pulsations, the field lines become new after sending of every new exchange quantum. They consist of bullets which are called quanta. I called them primary wave quanta.

When we move the electron, then the field lines will be curved. The cause is: the quanta are shot into a new direction. The curved field line forms a middle dot anywhere in space, where is the radius of the particle orbit. The force vector shows to the center of the circle. There the secondary singularity of the new curved field is born. The result is nothing more than the center of the magnetic field which now is a bipolar field or a dipole.

Each change of the position of the primary exchange field of monopoles - if gravitational, if electric or both - makes a secondary wave in space where now a bipolar magnetic field is running. This wave consists of components of the monopolar field (of gravitational or electric field) and of the rotating field (of the magnetic field, if gravitationally or electrically caused). Therefore it is right: electromagnetic waves are secondary waves which are made of moving electric charges. In my theory such secondary waves made by moving masses, didn't get the simple name gravitation waves but gravitomagnetic waves.

When finally magnetic fields rotate or convert, then secondary vibrations come into space which have a determined frequency. These vibrations are continuing themselves as secondary wave quanta.

From these reasons, wave quanta cannot be equal to those elementary particles which are causing them at all. Particles are the oscillators or vibration generators, in rest when they make the gravitation and the electric charge, in movement to each other when they make the gravitomagnetic and electromagnetic wave quanta!

The radius of a particle's orbit shows to the particle starting from the center of the train. The wave amplitude of that magnetic field shows into the center of the orbit starting at the particle's position. Both vectors are contrary to each other. There where the magnetic quantum is, there isn't the particle! There is the center of the particle's orbit. There where the particle is there isn't the magnetic quantum, because there is the particle's position.

Erwin Schroedinger and his interprets have set equal the position of the magnet quantum to the particle's position statistically following the interpretation of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation - that was the mistake. Since then, physicists think, particles would be statistically solved into a feature of dust of their own waves - a dual nature. But dual nature doesn't really exist!

These are my sites

http://www.arcusuniverse.com of my theory about World Fomula named Ideal-Oscillator-Theory, just as a variant of the Unified Field Theory

http://www.eu-charta.com of my social critics at Germany and the European Union

 

 
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