Firstly, there is Einstein's equation E = mo c². [mo
is resting mass at particles and momentum masse mw at waves; c is the
vacuum velocity of light]
Then there is Planck's equation E = h f. [h is Planck's constant and f is the
frequency of an oscillation or of a wave]
This means, that the matter has both manifestations: 1st mass
and 2nd energy. Old concepts of matter as material are
historic. Philosophically, matter is the complete thing which is filling the
universe, so it is energy and mass together. You could say: gravitation's cosmos
and radiation's cosmos are forming a unit.
Interpreting Planck's equation you can see that the energy comes from an
oscillation with the frequency f.
Then I set both equations equally to the energy and I get the equation: mo
= h f /c² for the mass.
Here you can see that also the mass comes from a process of the oscillation.
If you calculate the mass of a proton of 1.6726 x 10-27 kg into an
oscillation by using this equation, you get 2.2 x1023 Hz. What a
vibration should this be? Some scientists mean this magnitude simply using
Heisenberg's uncertainty. They interpret: this particle was probable during the
time of 4.4 x10-24 s. I was thinking another way when I asked for the
amplitude of a possible spherical vibration of the particle. Therefore I
presupposed the hypothesis, the particle makes a Tesla wave by its spherical
wave oscillation, which is all over spherically exchanged and which causes the
real manifestation of the mass attraction - the gravitation.
The amplitude of the proton I calculated to Ro = 2.1 x10-16
m. Then I asked myself what ever would be inside of that proton?
I had a fantastic idea. My hypothesis was: The total matter consists
of a system of black holes (BH) and so of microcosms which puzzle out the
macrocosm - a hierarchy.
Therefore I looked at Einstein's simple solution for the horizon ro
of a black hole: ro = 2 G Mo / c². [there G is the
gravitation constant and Mo is the internal mass]
Why is there the number of 2? Let's make it simply! I had clues from the
general relativity theory:
Ro = ro / 2 = G Mo / c².
This would mean that at the inside of a BH, the internal mass would just
reach to half the total horizon. There, this mass Mo would vibrate
like a bubble and cause the external mass mo.
Supporting this hypothesis I just could assume that the exchange waves of the
internal gravitation would be also locked in its BH, just as the exchange waves
of the electromagnetism - for example of the light.
I represented the mass mo as amplitude Ro and set it
equal to Ro from equation of BH. In the result of the calculation of
all the constants I got a new constant k and the following relations:
Mo = k / mo with k = 4.7 x 10-16 kg².
The internal mass Mo of one single proton would be equal to 280
Is this unreal or slippery?!
Isn't it a mass defect?
When both nucleons are binding themselves in an atom nucleus, then the mass
defect is appearing. E. g. one proton and one neutron make a deuteron. The
sum of the masses of both particles decreases then to about 1/1000. This effect
can be explained now by my "non-plausible" theory:
If two spherical oscillators (the nucleons) come together and partially
overlap their space areas, then each one part of them comes to the other
nucleon's internal mass. Result: the internal mass increased to 0.1%. The
necessity of my theory is: the external mass has to decrease to 0.1%! What is
not plausible here?
If the complete unification of both nucleons was possible, die external mass
would decrease to 50% because internally the double mass is given now.
When they will make a synthetic micro-black hole from about 50 unified
nucleons, the mass of this body will decrease to 50% of a neutron's mass!
It isn't plausible to me any more that famous scientists cannot think in
cohesions and in reciprocal cohesions!
If you set this mass M and the external mass m into one equation of
gravitation force using the distances of the amplitudes, then you get such a
force which is about 1039-times larger than the gravitation force between
both nucleons. Just this is the magnitude of nuclear force or
of strong force between nucleons. Then it's not unreal?
How does the internal cosm-mass vibrate then (yellow area at the picture
below here)? Does it simply fall together? Is it simply just a bubble? No, it
doesn't. Really, the elongation is just apparently an oscillation. In reality
there the complete mass-body isn't vibrating! The vibration of the mass-sphere
(yellow) just seems to be in such a way because the mass parts are built up and
rebuilt down repeating this process.
Only light waves and gravitation waves draw their circles (4) from the center
(2) to the amplitude (line 3 makes upper rest dots) and back - only the wave
ways draw an oscillation procedure:
The circles even have an order! Also very light particles could fly along the
light line, for example the neutrinos. Heavy particles do not come near enough
to the light velocity. Therefore I looked for a solution of very light
particles. This solution I found as I saw the reversed relations of internal and
external mass, like above in the equation with k. Following, the sun of the mass
Mo=2 x 1030 kg could disappear in such a BH, which then
would weigh just about mo=2 x 10-46 kg, lighter than a
neutrino. BHs, made from galaxies, would be yet much lighter. Then all the BHs
would fly through the universe just on both violet bows and there would not be
any real evolution of the things in universe. Another solution was helping me:
If a BH was formed from the outside (collapse), then it is not really locked,
but it is just divergently locked or closed. If such an divergently
locked cosmos expands again after contraction, so it must burst apart (by
anticollapse) again. This manner of unstable particles, therefore unstable BH,
I called then protocosms. They are made from radiation and mass. They
burst apart and give free their radiation and their inside mass (quasars!). So
beneath the radiations the protocosms fly on bows through the universe. Shortly
living protocosms decay just after the center passage of the universe. They are
small and heavy and of multiple number (innumerable number). Inside they are
relatively light. The innumerable number of this type of protocosms makes an
almost homogeneous mash of matter (energy and mass) during its decay in the
proximity of the universe center. Present scientists think this phenomenon would
be the "Big Bang", and this would be the only effect. But protocosms
which are living longer and which are lighter can fly away from this "big
bang". Depending on the longevity they decay on elongation bows, which are
successively higher, until the last of them, the lightest and internally
heaviest protocosms reach the amplitude of their BH including all of them. See -
our universe is a black hole, and it is oscillating! In its center there is
something like a kind of "big bang" (more a small bang), but above
this, there is piled up the real rest of the matter!
No matter what stable cosm, the universe, the proton, the electron, the
neutrino, they all together work following the same principles. Additionally,
there are the protocosms as unstable compounds of unstable particles and the
normal unstable particles. Each galaxy, each star, but also the universe include
a core at its center, which consists of one or more protocosms.
Protocosms can burst apart.
Unstable particles do not burst apart during their decay. The logic is: they
are destabilized stable BHs. If they are eating energy, then they send out
energy in parity - these are particle pairs, with them they are coupling
temporarily. In the end, the stable particle is coming back again. Stable
particles do not eat mass of different particles, but they interact with the
energy of these partners in parity. During weak interaction there can be a
change of the particles. This fact has given a totally different opinion about
particles to me - a complex imagination of spherically oscillating and
non-stationary black-white holes. The string theory limps behind me for
In the end I have discovered these solutions from general relativity theory
and found there the oscillators, which nobody but me has seen there before.
Therefore my solution is the Arcus-solution of the relativity theory and at the
same time the oscillator solution of this theory (Arcus 1988). World formulae
were the results of the general relativity theory, because they express the unit
of matter and quantum theory, but now in a different manner than all the models
If particles are the causes of waves for exchanging gravitation and
exchanging electrostatic force - then waves made by relative movements of
particles cannot be the same as particles! Particles are not equal to waves, but
they are the OSCILLATORS - they are the PRODUCERS of the primary Tesla waves.
While their relative movement of these oscillators, they cause those secondary
wave types (secondary e.m. and g.m. waves as secondary transversal and as
secondary longitudinal waves).
Consequently, my theory leads to a simple interpretation of the wave's
Corresponding to Einstein's opinion, the singularities of gravitational
field now really are inside of the stable elementary particles,
protons and electrons. Let's use the example of the electron. It has a mass of
about 9 x 10-31 kg. The electron's mass ¾
the force of its attraction ¾ comes from the
pulsation of the spherical surface of the electron. During this event, the
electron contracts to an extremely small minimum and expands to its maximum of
about 3.9 x 10-13 m while the time period of just about 10-20
seconds. This way, the pulsating surface radiates momenta into every direction.
These are the primary waves which make the gravitation. Each
particle exchanges momenta with other particles - wave momenta. The exchange
leads to the attraction between all the particles of our ordinary matter. The
complete thing appears like a monopolar field. Each mass is a monopole. Each
electric charge is a monopole, too, and analogously to the gravitation
explicable as a longitudinal spherical wave, starting from elementary charge.
The electric charge receives such wave quanta from the other charges.
Imagine, the electron was single in space. Then there is firstly no reason
that exchange wave quanta wouldn't must run straight ahead. Instead of the
concept of exchange quanta we can simplify it to field lines. The field lines
run from the electron into all directions as if they were prickles. Because of
the pulsations, the field lines become new after sending of every new exchange
quantum. They consist of bullets which are called quanta. I called them primary
When we move the electron, then the field lines will be curved. The cause is:
the quanta are shot into a new direction. The curved field line forms a middle
dot anywhere in space, where is the radius of the particle orbit. The force
vector shows to the center of the circle. There the secondary singularity of the
new curved field is born. The result is nothing more than the center of the
magnetic field which now is a bipolar field or a dipole.
Each change of the position of the primary exchange field of monopoles - if
gravitational, if electric or both - makes a secondary wave in space
where now a bipolar magnetic field is running. This wave consists of components
of the monopolar field (of gravitational or electric field) and of the rotating
field (of the magnetic field, if gravitationally or electrically caused).
Therefore it is right: electromagnetic waves are secondary waves which are made
of moving electric charges. In my theory such secondary waves made by moving
masses, didn't get the simple name gravitation waves but gravitomagnetic waves.
When finally magnetic fields rotate or convert, then secondary vibrations
come into space which have a determined frequency. These vibrations are
continuing themselves as secondary wave quanta.
From these reasons, wave quanta cannot be equal to those elementary particles
which are causing them at all. Particles are the oscillators or vibration
generators, in rest when they make the gravitation and the electric charge, in
movement to each other when they make the gravitomagnetic and electromagnetic
The radius of a particle's orbit shows to the particle starting from the
center of the train. The wave amplitude of that magnetic field shows into the
center of the orbit starting at the particle's position. Both vectors are
contrary to each other. There where the magnetic quantum is, there isn't the
particle! There is the center of the particle's orbit. There where the particle
is there isn't the magnetic quantum, because there is the particle's position.
Erwin Schroedinger and his interprets have set equal the position of the
magnet quantum to the particle's position statistically following the
interpretation of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation - that was the mistake.
Since then, physicists think, particles would be statistically solved into a
feature of dust of their own waves - a dual nature. But dual nature doesn't
These are my sites
of my theory about World Fomula named Ideal-Oscillator-Theory, just as a variant
of the Unified Field Theory
of my social critics at Germany and the European Union